耐力號沉船。各國期待保護沙克爾頓號免遭破壞

3個月前
耐力號沉船。各國期待保護沙克爾頓號免遭破壞

這將由英國南極遺產信託基金(UKAHT)起草。它將決定未來任何接近 "耐力號 "的人將受到的各種限制和責任。

鑑於過去一些海洋考古遺址被掠奪的方式,稍微模糊一點可能被認為是更合適的。英國外交、聯邦和發展辦公室(FCDO)負責極地地區的部長阿曼達-米林(Amanda Milling)說,由於常年被海冰覆蓋,該地點普遍無法進入,這是一個獨特的阻礙因素。

"這可能不會是永遠的,特別是由於氣候變化和海冰的縮小。這就是為什麼我們已經委託英國南極遺產信託基金與專家合作,準備一份保護管理計劃,並考慮是否需要額外的保護措施。

新的500米周長的確定是為了包括任何可能在耐力號下降到海床時與之分離的物體。這將包括船舶的一部分(儘管在潛水器的掃描中它看起來非常完整)和任何船員的物品。

"如你所知,南極半島周圍的旅遊業正在增長,人們正在尋找新的機會和新的冒險,進入威德爾海的旅行肯定會被列入計劃。但我認為,在冰雪條件發生變化,允許超級遊艇深入威德爾海之前,還需要一段時間,"UKAHT的首席執行官Camilla Nichol說。

英國南極調查局的Mike Meredith教授在最近的一次極地地區所有黨派議會小組會議上說。"最近,由於許多因素,已經確定了海冰的大退縮,2022年是威德爾海有記錄以來的最低點。毫無疑問,氣候變化對海冰覆蓋的影響將使 "耐力號 "沉船在未來更容易到達。"


This will be drawn up by the UK Antarctic Heritage Trust (UKAHT). It will determine the kinds of restrictions and responsibilities that will be placed on anyone who goes near Endurance in the future.

A little vagueness might have been regarded as more appropriate given the way some marine archaeological sites have been looted in the past. But the location's general inaccessibility as a result of it being covered by perennial sea-ice is a unique deterrent, says Amanda Milling, the minister responsible for polar regions at the UK's Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO).

"That may not be forever, not least due to climate change and shrinking sea-ice. That is why we have commissioned the UK Antarctic Heritage Trust to work with experts to prepare a conservation management plan, and to consider whether additional protection measures are needed.

The new 500m perimeter has been established to encompass any objects that may have separated from Endurance as it descended to the seabed. This would include parts of the ship (although it looks very intact in the submersible scans) and any of the crew's belongings.

"As you know, tourism is growing around the Antarctic Peninsula, and people are looking for new opportunities, and new adventures, and trips into the Weddell Sea will definitely be on the cards. But it'll be a while, I think, before ice conditions change to allow a super yacht to get that deep into the Weddell Sea," said Camilla Nichol, the CEO of UKAHT.

Prof Mike Meredith, from the British Antarctic Survey, told a recent meeting of the All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Polar Regions: "A big retreat in sea-ice has been identified recently, due to many factors, and 2022 was the lowest recorded minimum in the Weddell Sea. There's no doubt that the effects of climate change on sea-ice cover will make the Endurance wreck more accessible in the future."

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