七國集團峰會。領導人詳述6000億美元計劃,與中國的 "一帶一路 "倡議抗衡

3個月前
七國集團峰會。領導人詳述6000億美元計劃,與中國的 "一帶一路 "倡議抗衡

七國集團領導人已詳細計劃為發展中世界調動6000億美元的資金,此舉被視為對中國 "一帶一路 "計劃的反擊。

"我想說清楚。這不是援助或慈善,"拜登先生談到七國集團的PGID計劃時說。"這是一項投資,將為每個人帶來回報。"

該計劃將使各國 "看到與民主國家合作的具體好處",這位美國總統補充說。

該計劃呼籲七國集團領導人在五年內籌集6億美元,用於資助中低收入國家的基礎設施項目的啟動。

美國已承諾通過贈款、聯邦基金和私人投資籌集總額中的2000億美元(1620億英鎊),而歐盟已宣布進一步提供3000億歐元(2570億英鎊)。

一些重點項目包括安哥拉的太陽能項目,塞內加爾的疫苗生產設施,以及通過非洲之角連接新加坡和埃及的1,000英裏海底電信電纜。

該計劃被認為是對抗中國雄心勃勃的 "一帶一路 "倡議的一種方式。由中國國家主席習近平在2013年發起的 "一帶一路 "倡議為新興國家提供融資,以建設港口、道路和橋樑等基礎設施。

雖然它發展了貿易聯繫,但它也被批評為提供 "掠奪性貸款 "的手段,迫使負債纍纍的國家在無法償還債務的情況下讓出關鍵資產。

歐盟委員會主席烏蘇拉-馮德萊恩說,最新項目的目的是向世界展示一個 "積極有力的投資推動力,向我們在發展中世界的夥伴展示他們有選擇權"。

該基礎設施計劃在2021年英國舉行的七國集團峰會上首次公布。當時被稱為 "建設更美好的世界",這個由美國推動的計劃因缺乏進展而動搖,該項目在2022年峰會上被重新激活之前被重新命名。

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G7 leaders have detailed plans to mobilise $600bn in funding for the developing world in a move seen as a counter to China's Belt and Road plan.

"I want to be clear. This isn't aid or charity," Mr Biden said of the G7's PGID scheme. "It's an investment that will deliver returns for everyone."

The scheme would allow countries to "see the concrete benefits of partnering with democracies," the US president added.

The plan calls on G7 leaders to raise $600m over five years to fund the launch of infrastructure projects in middle and low-income countries.

The US has promised to raise $200bn (£162bn) of the total through grants, federal funds and private investment, while a further 300bn euros (£257bn) has been announced by the EU.

Some of the highlighted projects include a solar-powered project in Angola, a vaccine manufacturing facility in Senegal, and 1,000 mile submarine telecommunications cable connecting Singapore to Egypt via the Horn of Africa.

The plan has been pitched as a way to counter China's ambitious Belt and Road Initiative. Launched by Chinese president Xi Jinping in 2013, the BRI provides financing for emerging countries to build infrastructure like ports, roads and bridges.

While it has developed trade links, it has also been criticised as a means of providing "predatory loans", forcing debt-saddled countries to cede key assets if they fail to meet their debt repayments.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said the aim of the latest project was to present a "positive powerful investment impulse to the world to show our partners in the developing world that they have a choice".

The infrastructure plan was first unveiled at the 2021 G7 summit in Britain. Called the Build Back Better World at the time, the US-driven plan faltered from a lack of progress, and the project was renamed before being resuscitated at the 2022 summit.

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