法國布基尼禁令得到維持,格勒諾布爾在法律挑戰中敗訴

3個月前
法國布基尼禁令得到維持,格勒諾布爾在法律挑戰中敗訴

但法院表示,它不能允許 "為滿足宗教要求而對規則進行選擇性的例外"。

在格勒諾布爾的一家地方法院以該禁令嚴重破壞了公共服務的中立性原則為由暫停了該禁令後,爭議一直延續到國務委員會。

法國對哪些泳裝可以穿有嚴格的法律規定,在公共場所的宗教表達問題是有分歧的。

出於衛生方面的考慮,也有人主張在國營泳池中禁止穿布基尼。男子通常必須穿緊身泳褲--這是格勒諾布爾試圖通過允許穿較長的游泳短褲來推翻的另一項規定,但未獲成功。

法國對布基尼的反對意見最早可追溯到2016年,當時幾個地方政府試圖在海灘上取締布基尼,因為它違反了該國嚴格的政教分離原則。

國家官員不允許在工作中佩戴宗教標誌,但格勒諾布爾市市長埃里克-皮奧勒認為,這不應該阻止公共服務的使用者,如游泳池,按照他們的意願進行穿着。

布基尼的批評者認為它為法國社會提供了一個分離主義的願景,並認為允許它也給穆斯林婦女帶來了壓力。極右翼領導人瑪麗娜-勒龐譴責布基尼是 "伊斯蘭教宣傳的服裝"。

然而,那些贊成允許布基尼的人說,如果婦女願意,她們應該有選擇權,把自己的身體遮起來,這並不意味着宗教極端主義。


But the court said it could not allow "selective exceptions to the rules to satisfy religious demands".

The dispute went all the way to the Council of State after a local court in Grenoble suspended the ban on the grounds that it seriously undermined the principle of neutrality in public services.

France has strict laws on which swimming costumes can be worn and the issue of religious expression in public places is divisive.

The ban on burkinis in state-run pools is also advocated for reasons of hygiene. Men are normally obliged to wear tight-fitting swimming trunks - another rule that Grenoble unsuccessfully attempted to overturn by permitting longer swimming shorts.

French opposition to the burkini stretches as far back as 2016, when several local municipalities attempted to outlaw it on beaches for violating the country's strict separation between religion and the state.

State officials are not allowed to wear religious emblems at work, but the mayor of Grenoble, Eric Piolle, argued that this should not stop users of public services, such as swimming pools, from dressing as they wish.

Critics of the burkini see it as offering a separatist vision of French society and argue that allowing it also puts pressure on Muslim women to wear it. Far-right leader Marine Le Pen has condemned the burkini as "clothing of Islamist propaganda".

However, those in favour of allowing it say women should have the choice to keep their bodies covered if they want to and that this does not imply religious extremism.

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