烏克蘭戰爭。俄羅斯聲稱攻占東部城市利辛斯克

2個月前
烏克蘭戰爭。俄羅斯聲稱攻占東部城市利辛斯克

烏克蘭國防部堅持認為,它在盧甘斯克地區控制的最後一個主要城市--利辛斯克--"沒有被俄羅斯軍隊完全控制"。但社交媒體上有大量視頻證實他們現在已經進入該市。一些視頻似乎還顯示,少數留守的當地人將俄羅斯軍隊視為 "解放者",向他們致意。那裡一直存在着強烈的親俄情緒。

萊西昌斯克俯瞰塞維羅多涅茨克,隔着塞維爾斯基頓涅茨河。曾有一些希望,由於建在高地上,它將提供一個天然的強大防禦。但圍繞該市的絞索一直在收緊,俄羅斯軍隊現在控制着大部分進出通道。

烏克蘭的指揮官們將不得不做出艱難的決定,是繼續戰鬥--可能會有大量的傷亡和他們的剩餘部隊被包圍--還是撤回部隊,再戰一天。過去一周,一些部隊已經撤到了下一道防線。

烏克蘭官員對該市所發生的事情異常平靜。這在一定程度上可以解釋為 "行動安全 "的原因。他們不希望公布任何戰術性撤退--如果那是正在發生的事情。但失去利辛斯克也會被視為在東部的又一次挫敗。

如果利辛斯克淪陷,這絕不是頓巴斯戰鬥的結束。烏克蘭仍然控制着鄰近的頓涅茨克的大片城市地區。他們的部隊一直在準備巴赫穆特和斯洛維揚斯克之間的新防線--儘管它們現在也受到俄羅斯的猛烈炮擊。雙方都傷亡慘重。現在的問題是,烏克蘭是否能夠停止前進,以及俄羅斯是否能夠保持這一勢頭。

市長Lyakh說,周日俄羅斯對斯洛維揚斯克的猛烈轟炸造成了大約15起火災,視頻顯示巨大的煙霧在城市上空升起。他說這是最近一段時間以來最嚴重的一次炮擊。


Ukraine's defence ministry insists that Lysychansk - the last major city it controlled in Luhansk region - is "not under the full control" of Russian forces. But there is plenty of video on social media confirming that they have now entered the city. Some also appears to show a handful of locals who stayed behind greeting the Russian forces as "liberators". There's always been a strong element of pro-Russian sentiment there.

Lysychansk overlooks Severodonetsk, across the Seversky Donets river. There was some hope that, built on high ground, it would provide a natural strong defence. But the noose around the city has been tightening, with Russian forces now controlling most access in and out.

Ukraine's commanders will have had to make the difficult decision to fight on - with the potential of large casualties and their remaining forces being surrounded - or to withdraw troops to fight another day. Some units had already pulled back to the next lines of defence over the past week.

Ukrainian officials have been unusually quiet about what's been happening in the city. That might, in part, be explained by "operational security" reasons. They would not want to broadcast any tactical retreat - if that is what's been happening. But losing Lysychansk would also be seen as another setback in the east.

If Lysychansk has fallen it's by no means the end of the fighting in Donbas. Ukraine still controls large urban areas in neighbouring Donetsk. Their forces have been preparing new defensive lines between Bakhmut and Slovyansk - though they too are now under heavy Russian shelling. Both sides have been taking heavy casualties. The question now is whether Ukraine can halt the advance, and whether Russia can maintain the momentum.

The heavy Russian bombardment of Slovyansk on Sunday caused some 15 fires, Mayor Lyakh said, and video showed huge plumes of smoke rising over the city. He said it was the worst shelling there in recent time.

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