烏克蘭戰爭。普京在面臨挫折後下令進行部分動員

1週前
烏克蘭戰爭。普京在面臨挫折後下令進行部分動員

這次動員是自第二次世界大戰以來的第一次,是在烏克蘭本月快速反攻取得成果後進行的,使克里姆林宮處於劣勢。

烏克蘭軍隊奪回了哈爾科夫地區北部的主要城鎮和村莊,並在赫爾松地區南部取得了較慢但仍然重要的進展。然而,俄羅斯仍然控制着該國約五分之一的土地。

該法令的細節不多。它沒有提到人數上限或任何例外情況,如不招募學生或應徵入伍。

相反,它讓地區負責人決定如何滿足配額。從理論上講,這張網可以比克里姆林宮規定的範圍廣得多。

徵兵工作沒有達到全面徵兵的要求,此舉有可能使迄今為止基本上支持衝突的公眾轉向反對衝突。

"當我們國家的領土完整受到威脅時,我們肯定會使用我們掌握的所有手段來保護俄羅斯和我們的人民。這不是虛張聲勢,"他說。

普京先生的講話引起了人們的擔憂,即一些達到戰鬥年齡的人將不被允許離開俄羅斯,儘管俄羅斯國防部長謝爾蓋-紹伊古說,徵召的人員將僅限於有戰鬥經驗的人。

一名俄羅斯人告訴BBC,此舉意味着 "無法保證在未來某個時候不會宣布戒嚴令。屆時,任何人都不可能做任何事情"。

社交媒體上也有強烈的反應。一位推特用戶寫道:"我不會去打仗,你們去死吧。我不僅會馬上投降,我還會給你們指明去克里姆林宮的路"。


The mobilisation is the first since World War Two and comes after Ukraine made gains in a rapid counter-offensive this month, putting the Kremlin on the back foot.

Ukrainian forces have recaptured key towns and villages in the northern Kharkiv region and have made a slower, but still significant progress in the southern Kherson region. Russia, however, still holds about a fifth of the country.

The decree is short on detail. It says nothing about a cap on numbers or about any exceptions, such as not recruiting students or conscripts.

Instead, it is left to regional heads to decide how to meet quotas. In theory, the net could be cast far wider than the Kremlin has specified.

The call-up stops short of full conscription, a move that would have risked turning a public that has so far largely been in favour of the conflict against it.

"When the territorial integrity of our country is threatened, we will certainly use all the means at our disposal to protect Russia and our people. It's not a bluff," he said.

Mr Putin's address has raised fears that some men of fighting age would not be allowed to leave Russia, even though Russia's Defence Minister Sergey Shoigu said the call-up would be limited to those with combat experience.

One Russian man told the BBC that the move means "nothing guarantees that martial law won't be declared at some point in the future. And then it'll be really impossible for anyone to do anything at all".

There has also been a strong reaction on social media. One Twitter user wrote: "I'm not going to go to war, go screw yourselves. Not only will I surrender right away, I'll also show you the way to the Kremlin."

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