聯合國要求對入侵烏克蘭的行為進行賠償,俄羅斯對此表示憤怒

2週前
聯合國要求對入侵烏克蘭的行為進行賠償,俄羅斯對此表示憤怒

克里姆林宮表示,俄羅斯將盡最大努力避免為在烏克蘭造成的戰爭損失付費。

該決議說,俄羅斯 "必須承擔其所有國際不法行為的法律後果,包括對這種行為造成的傷害,包括任何損害,進行賠償"。

在投票前,基輔的聯合國大使Sergiy Kyslytsya告訴大會,俄羅斯在戰爭中瞄準了從工廠到住宅樓和醫院的一切。

除了需要資金來重建基礎設施外,他說,"如果不為俄羅斯戰爭的受害者伸張正義,恢復工作就永遠不會完成",並補充說。"現在是追究俄羅斯責任的時候了"。

俄羅斯駐聯合國大使瓦西里-涅本齊亞稱該決議 "在法律上是無效的",並指責西方 "試圖引出衝突並使之惡化"。

該決議得到了193個成員國中94個國家的支持,而14個國家--包括俄羅斯、中國和伊朗--投了反對票。其餘國家都投了棄權票。

最有名的是德國在第一次世界大戰後被盟國告知要支付的2690億馬克--以今天的貨幣計算約為3000億美元(2500億英鎊)。

這個高價是為了確保德國在許多年內沒有能力進行更多的戰爭。

但它最終產生了相反的效果,因為許多歷史學家認為,這些令人沮喪的賠償和將德國標榜為戰爭中的 "有罪 "方是導致第二次世界大戰的怨恨的一個關鍵驅動因素。


Russia will do its best to avoid paying for war damage inflicted in Ukraine, the Kremlin has said.

The resolution said that Russia "must bear the legal consequences of all of its internationally wrongful acts, including making reparation for the injury, including any damage, caused by such acts".

Ahead of the vote, Kyiv's UN Ambassador Sergiy Kyslytsya told the assembly that Russia had targeted everything from factories to residential buildings and hospitals in the war.

In addition to needing finance to rebuild infrastructure, he said that recovery "will never be complete without a sense of justice for the victims of the Russian war", adding: "It is time to hold Russia accountable."

Russian Ambassador to the UN Vassily Nebenzia labelled the resolution "legally null and void", and accused the West of "trying to draw out and worsen the conflict".

The resolution was supported by 94 out of 193 member states, while 14 - including Russia, China and Iran - voted against it. The remaining countries all abstained.

The most famous is the 269bn marks that Germany was told to pay by the allies after World War I - around $300bn (£250bn) in today's money.

The high price was intended to ensure that Germany would not be capable of more war for many years.

But it ended up having the opposite effect, as many historians argue that those crippling reparations and labelling of Germany as the "guilty" party in the war were a key driver of resentment that led to World War II.

編輯精選

熱門新聞