烏克蘭戰爭。默克爾說她缺乏影響普京的力量

4天前
烏克蘭戰爭。默克爾說她缺乏影響普京的力量

德國前總理安格拉-默克爾為她在2月入侵烏克蘭之前的對俄政策進行了辯護,稱她已經沒有能力影響弗拉基米爾-普京了。

她說,她曾試圖在2021年夏天與俄羅斯總統和法國總統埃馬紐埃爾-馬克龍召開歐洲會談。

在擔任四屆總理後,默克爾夫人於12月離任。她在2021年8月對莫斯科進行了最後一次訪問,並告訴德國新聞雜誌,"感覺非常清楚:'在權力政治方面,你已經完蛋了'"。

她說,重要的是,在他們的最後一次會晤中,普京先生帶着外交部長謝爾蓋-拉夫羅夫。她指出,此前他們是一對一的會面。

鑑於普京總統的入侵--之前在烏克蘭邊境進行了數周的大規模軍事集結--許多人認為,默克爾夫人和其他歐盟領導人應該對克里姆林宮採取更嚴厲的態度。

她所在的基督教民主黨(CDU)的一名外交政策專家、議員羅德里克-基斯韋特(Roderich Kiesewetter)是那些說她知道普京先生正試圖分裂和削弱歐洲的人之一,但她認為 "軟實力 "是正確的做法。他在入侵前認為,德國過於依賴俄羅斯的天然氣。

在《明鏡》雜誌的採訪中,默克爾夫人說,她在明斯克和談中對烏克蘭的立場為基輔贏得了時間,以更好地保護自己免受俄羅斯軍隊的攻擊。

在俄羅斯2014年吞併烏克蘭的克里米亞半島之後,以及在頓巴斯地區的代理戰爭期間,在明斯克達成了停火協議。但包括裁軍和國際監督在內的關鍵點沒有得到落實。

默克爾夫人說,她並不後悔在12月離任,因為她覺得她的政府不僅在烏克蘭危機上沒有取得進展,而且在摩爾多瓦、格魯吉亞、敘利亞和利比亞的衝突上也沒有取得進展,這些衝突都涉及俄羅斯。

她和普京先生都有在共產主義東德生活的直接經歷--她在那裡長大,他在那裡擔任蘇聯克格勃官員,從事秘密情報工作。普京先生能說流利的德語,默克爾夫人能說一些俄語。


Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel has defended her policy towards Russia prior to the February invasion of Ukraine, saying she had run out of power to influence Vladimir Putin.

She said she had tried to convene European talks with the Russian president and French President Emmanuel Macron in the summer of 2021.

After four terms as chancellor Mrs Merkel left office in December. She paid a final visit to Moscow in August 2021, and told the German news magazine that "the feeling was very clear: 'In terms of power politics you're finished'."

It was significant that, for their final meeting, Mr Putin brought Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov with him, she said. Previously they had met one-to-one, she noted.

In light of President Putin's invasion - preceded by weeks of massive military build-up on Ukraine's borders - many have argued that Mrs Merkel and other EU leaders should have adopted a tougher approach to the Kremlin.

A foreign policy expert in her Christian Democrat (CDU) party, MP Roderich Kiesewetter, is among those who say she knew that Mr Putin was trying to split and weaken Europe, but she believed "soft power" was the right approach. He argued before the invasion that Germany was too dependent on Russian gas.

In the Spiegel interview, Mrs Merkel said her stance on Ukraine in the Minsk peace talks had bought Kyiv time to defend itself better against the Russian military.

A ceasefire deal was reached in Minsk after Russia's 2014 annexation of Ukraine's Crimea peninsula and during its proxy war in the Donbas region. But key points, including disarmament and international supervision, were not implemented.

Mrs Merkel said she did not regret leaving office in December, because she felt her government was failing to make progress not only on the Ukraine crisis, but also on the conflicts in Moldova, Georgia, Syria and Libya, all of which involved Russia.

She and Mr Putin both had direct experience of life in communist East Germany - she grew up there and he served there as a Soviet KGB officer, doing secret intelligence work. Mr Putin speaks fluent German and Mrs Merkel speaks some Russian.

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