布魯斯的海灘在發作近一個世紀後回到了家庭中

2個月前
布魯斯的海灘在發作近一個世紀後回到了家庭中

維拉當時告訴記者。"無論我們在哪裡試圖購買土地建設海灘度假村,都被拒絕了,但我擁有這片土地,我要保留它。"

在接下來的十年裡,布魯斯海灘成為 "從南加州其他地方來到這裡休閒的非裔美國人的堡壘",家族發言人杜安-黃羽酋長去年告訴BBC。

他說,但當地警察局豎起了限制停車10分鐘的標誌,另一個當地的土地所有者豎起了禁止擅入的標誌,迫使人們步行半英里才能到達水邊。

當這些措施未能阻止遊客時,地方當局根據徵用土地法沒收了這塊土地--旨在讓政府強行購買道路和其他公共建築所需的土地。

官員們聲稱他們計劃建造一個公園。這一點直到幾十年後才實現,而在此期間,該地區一直處於空置狀態。

周二,歸還土地的動議承認 "有據可查的是,此舉是出於種族動機,企圖趕走成功的黑人企業及其顧客"。

歸還是一個漫長的運動和艱難過程的結果。多年來,海灘上一直有一個威拉和查爾斯的紀念牌,州立法機構不得不通過一項法律來允許歸還該財產。

現在,市政府將以每年413,000美元的價格向該家族租賃土地--根據租賃協議,該條款允許未來以高達2000萬美元的價格購買該土地,外加成本。

"這在經濟上摧毀了他們。它摧毀了他們實現美國夢的機會。我希望他們能看到今天所發生的一切,"他說。

"我們希望這能讓人們看到美國歷史中沒有被充分談論的部分,我們認為這是朝着努力糾正過去的錯誤邁出的一步。"


Willa told a reporter at the time: "Wherever we have tried to buy land for a beach resort, we have been refused, but I own this land and I am going to keep it."

Over the next decade, Bruce's Beach became a "citadel for African Americans coming there for leisure from all over the rest of southern California," family spokesman Chief Duane Yellow Feather told the BBC last year.

But the local police department put up signs limiting parking to 10 minutes, and another local landowner put up no trespassing signs, forcing people to walk half a mile to reach the water, he said.

When those measured failed to deter visitors, the local authorities seized the land under eminent domain laws - designed to let the government forcibly buy land needed for roads and other public buildings.

Officials claimed they planned to build a park. That did not happen until many decades later, and the area remained vacant in the interim.

On Tuesday, the motion to return the land acknowledged "it is well documented that this move was a racially motivated attempt to drive out the successful black business and its patrons".

The return is the result of a lengthy campaign and difficult process. The beach has for years featured a memorial plaque to Willa and Charles, and the state legislature had to pass a law to allow the return of the property.

Now, the city will lease the land from the family for $413,000 a year - with a clause allowing the future purchase of the land for up to $20m plus costs, according to the lease agreement.

"It destroyed them financially. It destroyed their chance at the American Dream. I wish they could see what has happened today," he said.

"We hope this opens people's eyes to a part of American history that isn't talked about enough, and we think it's a step toward trying to right the wrongs of the past."

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