四川大學的機器人魚吃掉了水中的微塑料

3個月前
四川大學的機器人魚吃掉了水中的微塑料

中國的科學家們發明了微小的機器人魚,可以吞食水中的垃圾

這些小機器人的長度只有1.3厘米--這只比一個紐扣大一點點。

但是,儘管它們的體積小,它們的速度卻很快!它們的速度可以達到10厘米。它們可以在4秒內完成10厘米的行程。

它們的工作是吸收漂浮在水中的微小的塑料碎片--被稱為微塑料。

微塑料對全世界的動物和植物來說是一個大問題。

以水為基礎的生物可能會吸收或食用微塑料,這可能對它們造成嚴重傷害。

情況變得如此糟糕,以至於在我們海洋的最深處,甚至在山頂上都發現了微塑料。

這就是為什麼許多科學家正在尋找解決這個問題的辦法。

中國四川大學的研究人員已經成功開發出這些微小的機器人,以 "吃掉 "他們在水中遇到的微塑料。

它們推動自己,通過與塑料中的染料、抗生素和重金屬結合來尋找漂浮的塑料。

這些機器人是由一種叫做珍珠的非常堅固的材料製成的,這種材料可以在蛤蜊的內部找到。

科學家們說,這種魚在繁忙的航運水道和河流等難以觸及的地區可以非常好地工作。

而且這些魚還能 "自我修復";如果它們被損壞,可以自我修復。

王玉燕是這項研究的主要作者。她認為這些小魚是 "這種軟體機器人的第一個例子"!

但她說還需要做更多的工作,以了解這些魚在現實世界中的應對情況。

你對這些機器魚有什麼看法?如果你擁有一條機器人魚,你會怎麼稱呼它?請在評論中告訴我們。


Scientists in China have invented tiny robot-fish that gobble up rubbish in the water!

The little robots measure just 1.3 centimetres in length - that's just a little bit bigger than a button.

But despite their small size they're fast! They can travel up to 10 centimetres in under 4 seconds.

Their job is to absorb miniscule bits of plastic that float in water - known as microplastics,

Microplastics are a big problem for animal and plant life across the world.

Water-based organisms may absorb or eat microplastics which can cause them serious harm.

It's got so bad that microplastics have been found in the very deepest parts of our oceans and even on the top of mountains!

Which is why many scientists are looking for a solution to the problem.

Researchers at Sichuan University in China have successfully developed these tiny robots to "eat" microplastics they come across in the water.

They propel themselves, seeking out floating plastic by bonding with dyes, antibiotics and heavy metals in the plastic.

The robots are made of a very strong material called nacre which can be found on the inside of clams!

Scientists say the fish could work really well in hard-to-reach areas like busy shipping waterways and rivers.

And the fish are also "self-healing"; repairing themselves if they've been damaged.

Yuyan Wang is a lead author of the study. She believes these tiny fish are the "first example of such soft robots"!

But she says more work is needed to see how well the fish will cope in real-world scenarios.

What do you think of these robot fish? What would you call your robot fish if you owned one? Let us know in the comments!

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