萊斯特。印度教和穆斯林抗議後將舉行獨立審查

1週前
萊斯特。印度教和穆斯林抗議後將舉行獨立審查

萊斯特的警察、當地議員和社區領導人昨晚一起宣布,將在該市進行一次獨立審查。

這是在上周末的抗議活動中,主要來自穆斯林和印度教社區的年輕人之間爆發的戰鬥。

"市長彼得-索爾斯比爵士說:"我的意圖是對導致周末事件的原因進行審查,並就我們所有人--議會、警察和社區--如何從中學習,以及我們可以在地方一級做些什麼來確保它不會再次發生,尋求一些獨立的想法。

該審查將調查上周末發生的事情,以試圖阻止類似的事情再次發生。

上周末,在主要來自穆斯林和印度教社區的年輕人之間的抗議活動演變成暴力事件後,有報道稱萊斯特發生了戰鬥和建築物被毀。

在抗議活動中,有25名警察和一隻警犬受傷。

到目前為止,共有47人因過去幾周的破壞活動而被捕,其中20人是在周末被捕的。

該市的印度教和穆斯林領導人共同要求冷靜:"對無辜個人的人身攻擊和對財產的無端破壞不是一個體面社會的一部分,實際上也不是我們信仰的一部分。我們所看到的並不是我們的目的"。

印度教和穆斯林社區之間的戰鬥和抗議活動在英國極為罕見。

市領導說,萊斯特市以其印度教徒和穆斯林之間強烈的團結和和平意識而聞名。

萊斯特市的印度教和穆斯林領導人說,他們對周末發生的事件感到 "心碎",並指出。"我們的兩種信仰在這個美好的城市和諧地生活了半個多世紀。

"我們一起來到了這座城市。我們一起面對同樣的挑戰。我們一起對抗種族主義的仇視者,我們共同使這個城市成為多樣性和社區凝聚力的燈塔。"

為什麼會發生抗議活動?

在過去的幾周里,該市印度教和穆斯林社區各部分之間的緊張關係一直在加劇。

目前還不清楚戰鬥和抗議活動開始的確切原因,但許多人都認為有幾件事可能促成了這一現象。

印度和巴基斯坦在亞洲杯板球比賽中的競爭是一個潛在的因素。

位於萊斯特的穆斯林組織聯合會的蘇萊曼-納格迪告訴BBC。"自從印度和巴基斯坦的板球比賽後,社區內出現了一些問題,雖然那場比賽經常引發聚會,但過去並沒有變得如此醜陋。"

然而,許多人同意,戰鬥並不是因為板球。

社交媒體發揮了作用,警方說,"假新聞 "被用來鼓勵人們加入暴力活動。

有報道稱,在過去幾周里,穆斯林和印度教團體都在網上分享視頻。

一些視頻顯示,在大多數印度教徒居住的地區,人們戴着面具敲打人們的窗戶,並拉下宗教裝飾品;其他視頻顯示,人們在主要是穆斯林居住的街道上遊行,高唱印度教民族主義歌曲。

網上發布的一段視頻顯示,一名男子爬上了一座印度教寺廟的屋頂,並扯下了一面宗教旗幟,另一段視頻顯示旗幟被燒毀。

警方表示,分享這些視頻以及有關這些視頻的錯誤信息,可能使事情變得更糟。

在周末的抗議活動中被捕的人中,許多人是在網上看到這些視頻後從萊斯特以外的地方趕來的。

萊斯特郡警察局的臨時局長羅布-尼克松告訴BBC,社交媒體在使問題惡化方面發揮了 "巨大作用"。

"我的請求是,如果人們在社交媒體上看到信息,如果他們不能驗證,請不要傳播它。

"因為我們知道人們正在做的是他們通過社交媒體收到假新聞,然後他們轉發,所以它正在放大這個問題,它正在提高恐懼。"

這種暴力事件是否有外部影響?

部分印度教和穆斯林社區之間的衝突在印度很常見,那裡長期存在着緊張關係。

一些活動人士推測,來自印度的印度教民族主義團體也參與了虛假信息的傳播。根據警方的說法,來自萊斯特以外的團體參與了暴力事件。

近年來,印度針對宗教少數群體的仇恨犯罪有所上升。

據一些人權團體稱,在印度民族主義的印度人民黨(BJP)的統治下,這個問題變得更加嚴重。

人權觀察在去年發布的一份報告中警告說,自印度人民黨於2014年上台以來,它採取的行動鼓勵了對少數宗教團體的歧視,並允許印度教民族主義者採取暴力行動。

萊斯特各社區的領導人聚集在一起,指出英國的穆斯林和印度教社區在傳統上有着緊密的聯繫,並且長期以來一直和諧地生活在一起。

萊斯特的人們告訴BBC,即使在上周末問題最嚴重的時候,兩個社區的人們也在相互幫助。

警方表示,人們應該繼續為宗教節日Navratri和排燈節做正常的準備,並表示 "所有社區都會有明顯的和加強的警力"。


Police, local councillors and community leaders in Leicester came together last night to announce that an independent review would be taking place in the city.

It's after fighting broke out between groups of mainly young men from Muslim and Hindu communities, at protests last weekend.

"My intention is to have a review of what led up to the events at the weekend, and also to seek some independent thoughts on how we all - council, police and communities - can learn from this, and what we can do at a local level to ensure it doesn't happen again" the city's mayor, Sir Peter Soulsby said.

The review will look into what happened last weekend, to try and stop things like that from happening again.

Last weekend there were reports of fighting and damage to buildings in Leicester after protests between groups of mainly young men from Muslim and Hindu communities turned violent.

25 officers and a police dog were injured during the protests.

So far a total of 47 people have been arrested in connection with the disruption over the last few weeks, 20 of which were at the weekend.

Hindu and Muslim leaders in the city came together to ask for calm: "Physical attacks on innocent individuals and unwarranted damage to property are not part of a decent society and, indeed, not part of our faiths. What we have seen is not what we're about."

Fighting and protests between Hindu and Muslim communities is extremely rare in the UK.

City leaders say that Leicester is known for its strong sense of solidarity and peace between Hindus and Muslims.

Hindu and Muslim leaders in Leicester said they were "heartbroken" about the events that took place at the weekend stating: "Our two faiths have lived harmoniously in this wonderful city for over half a century.

"We arrived in this city together. We faced the same challenges together. We fought off racist haters together, and we collectively made this city a beacon of diversity and community cohesion."

Why did the protests happen?

Tension between sections of the Hindu and Muslim communities in the city has been growing over the last few weeks.

It is not clear exactly why the fighting and protests began, but many people agree there are a few things which may have contributed to it.

The rivalry between India and Pakistan in the Asia Cup cricket tournament is one potential contributor.

Suleman Nagdi from the Leicester-based Federation of Muslim Organisations, told the BBC: "There have been problems in the community since the India and Pakistan cricket match and while that game often sparks gatherings they have not in the past turned this ugly."

However, many people agree that the fighting is not down to cricket.

Social media has played a role, with the police saying that "fake news" was being used to encourage people to join in the violence.

There have been reports of videos being shared online by both Muslim and Hindu groups over the past few weeks.

Some show people in masks banging on people's windows in areas where mostly Hindu people live and pulling down religious decorations, and other videos show people marching down streets where mainly Muslim people live, chanting Hindu nationalist songs.

One video posted online shows a man climbing on to the roof of a Hindu temple, and pulling down a religious flag, another video showed the flag being burned.

Police have said that sharing of these videos, along with misinformation about them, may have made things worse.

Of those who were arrested at the weekend protest, many had travelled from outside of Leicester, after seeing the videos online.

Leicestershire Police's temporary chief constable, Rob Nixon, told the BBC that social media had played a "huge role" in making the problem worse.

"My plea is that please, if people are seeing information on social media, if they can't validate it, please don't circulate it.

"Because what we know people are doing is they are receiving fake news via social media and then they are forwarding it on, so it's amplifying the problem, and it's raising fear."

Are there outside influences on this violence?

Conflict between parts of the Hindu and Muslim communities is common in India, where there are longstanding tensions.

Some activists have speculated that Hindu nationalist groups from India are also involved in spreading false information. According to the police, groups of people from outside Leicester have been involved in the violence.

Recent years have seen a rise in hate crimes against religious minorities in India.

According to some human-rights groups, the problem has got worse under the rule of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

In a report released last year, Human Rights Watch warned since the BJP came to power in 2014 it had taken actions which had encouraged discrimination against minority religious groups and had allowed violent actions by Hindu nationalists.

Leaders from communities in Leicester came together to make the point that traditionally Muslim and Hindu communities in the UK have had strong links, and have lived harmoniously together for a long time.

People in Leicester have told the BBC that even at the height of the problems last weekend, people from both communities were helping each other.

Police have said that people should to continue to prepare for religious festivals Navratri and Diwali as normal, and said that a "visible and strengthened police presence will be there for all communities".

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