弗雷德-彭特蘭。畢爾巴鄂競技的英國教練改變了西班牙足球的面貌

3個月前
弗雷德-彭特蘭。畢爾巴鄂競技的英國教練改變了西班牙足球的面貌

自從他第一次踏上這座城市以來,可能已經過去了100年,但提起弗雷德-彭特蘭這個名字,畢爾巴鄂競技的球迷會深深地回憶起這位戴着標誌性圓頂硬禮帽和雪茄的英國人的傳奇。

在他第一次為畢爾巴鄂競技效力時,彭特蘭帶領他的球隊贏得了1923年的國王杯;在他回來後,他連續四次贏得比賽--從1930年到1933年--增加了兩個西甲冠軍,還主持了12-1擊敗巴塞羅那的比賽,這是加泰羅尼亞俱樂部最嚴重的失敗。

他的球隊打出了一種開創性的進攻型、控球型足球,這種哲學很快就被西班牙的其他領先球隊所採用,並一直延續到今天。

"弗雷德-彭特蘭是那些在時間的流逝中倖存下來的人之一,"競技俱樂部的博物館館長阿西爾-阿拉特解釋說。

彭特蘭出生於伍爾弗漢普頓,是一名右外援,曾成為英格蘭國腳,在布萊克本和米德爾斯堡有過最著名的俱樂部經歷,然後在1914年轉入德國奧林匹克隊擔任教練。

第一次世界大戰爆發時,他被關押在柏林附近的一個營地,組織囚犯之間的足球比賽,然後去執教斯特拉斯堡,然後在1920年的奧運會上執教法國。

他第一次涉足西班牙足球是在桑坦德競技隊,但彭特蘭作為經理人的聲譽不斷提高,導致競技隊在1922年撲了空。

"阿雷特說:"競技隊向他提出了一個非常好的報價。"他們想投資於一個好的教練。這是一個非常業餘的俱樂部,所以我們正在尋找一個著名的教練。

"他制定了很多與訓練有關的紀律,並建立了一個基礎,使其成為一項更有組織的、專業的運動。"

彭特蘭是一個注重細節的人,據說在他的第一堂訓練課上,他教他的球員如何正確地繫鞋帶,但他也很受球隊和同事的喜歡。

"在經歷了與戰爭和所有不同的人打交道的人類經歷之後,當他來到畢爾巴鄂這裡時,他有了這種人性化的感覺,"Arrate補充道。

"他有一個有趣的個性,非常樂觀和聰明。在幾個月內,他就在體育雜誌上寫了關於球隊應該如何比賽的文章"。

彭特蘭鼓勵他的球員擺脫當時常見的直接方式,轉而採用他的傳球遊戲原則,這導致了與瓜迪奧拉的巴塞羅那的一些比較。

"典型的陣型是2-3-5,有五個前鋒,"設在倫敦的畢爾巴鄂競技支持者團體彭特蘭先生俱樂部的主席Gaizka Atxa說。

"彭特蘭先生改變了這一點,在中場有更多的人,他將比對手更重視控球,玩一個簡短的遊戲--我不知道你是否可以稱之為類似於巴薩在10-20年前實施的tiki-taka。

"他肯定幫助我們相信我們作為一個俱樂部正在做的事情,它鞏固了成功和那種勝利的心態。這是他培養的最重要的東西。"

他還在引入更專業的方法方面發揮了重要作用,當時國內大多數俱樂部都是業餘的,他告訴董事會成員,如果他們真的想競爭,就要努力支付球員。

彭特蘭於1925年離開俱樂部,兩次執教馬德里競技隊,其中一次是在奧維耶多,也是西班牙管理團隊的一員,當時他們在1929年以4-3擊敗英格蘭,成為不列顛群島以外的第一個國家。

同年晚些時候,他回到畢爾巴鄂,預示着畢爾巴鄂競技歷史上最富有成效的時期,這也讓他失去了很多禮帽--傳說這位古怪的教練的球員會在每次勝利後在禮帽上跳起來。

"這裡的人們明白競技隊自成立以來成為一支偉大的球隊,是因為英國的影響,"阿特克薩說。"這裡有非常強的聯繫和經濟紐帶,工業革命、採礦、造船。它是一個港口城市。

"彭特蘭先生是典型的英國紳士,戴着圓頂禮帽,打着傘,抽着雪茄。每個人都告訴你他是一個非常熱情的人物,非常善於交際。你在街上看到他,他會和粉絲打招呼--他非常平易近人。

"他與這裡的人們打成一片,因為我們喜歡享受美好時光。我們喜歡吃,我們喜歡喝,我想他找到了他的禪。"

彭特蘭在1933年國王杯四連勝後離開,他建立的球隊繼續在1934年和1936年贏得西班牙冠軍,同年他回到英國,西班牙爆發了內戰。

"你在街上聽到他的名字,每個人都知道這是一個帶着圓頂硬禮帽和雪茄的人,"阿特克薩說,他的支持者團體中包括彭特蘭的家庭成員。

"他一直保持着一個神話或傳奇的地位"。

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It may be 100 years since he first set foot in the city, but mention the name Fred Pentland and Athletic Bilbao fans will fondly recall the legend of the Englishman with a trademark bowler hat and cigar.

In his first spell with Athletic, Pentland guided his side to the 1923 Copa del Rey; on his return he won the competition four times in a row - from 1930 to 1933 - added two La Liga titles and also presided over a 12-1 drubbing of Barcelona, the Catalan club's heaviest defeat.

His side played a pioneering brand of attacking, possession-based football, a philosophy that would soon be adopted by other leading teams in Spain and still survives today.

"Fred Pentland is one of those people who has survived the passing of time," explains Athletic's museum director Asier Arrate.

Born in Wolverhampton, Pentland was an outside right who became an England international and had his most notable club spells with Blackburn and Middlesbrough, before moving into coaching with the German Olympic team in 1914.

At the outbreak of World War One he was interned at a camp near Berlin, organising football tournaments between the prisoners, before going on to coach Strasbourg, and then France at the 1920 Olympics.

His first foray into Spanish football was with Racing Santander, but Pentland's burgeoning reputation as a manager led Athletic to pounce in 1922.

"Athletic made him a very good offer," says Arrate. "They wanted to invest in a good coach. It was a very amateur type club, so we were looking for a prestigious coach.

"He made a lot of discipline related to the training and established a foundation to make it a more organised, professional sport."

Pentland was a stickler for fine details, with the story going that during his first training session he taught his players how to tie their laces properly, but he was also well liked by the squad and his colleagues.

"After the human experience of dealing with the war and all different people, when he came here to Bilbao he had this humane touch," adds Arrate.

"He had an interesting personality, was very optimistic and intelligent. Within a few months he was writing in the sports magazines about how teams should play."

Pentland encouraged his players to veer away from the direct approach common at the time to instead adopt his principles of a passing game that has led to some comparisons with Pep Guardiola's Barcelona.

"The typical formation was 2-3-5, with five strikers," says Gaizka Atxa, president of the Mr Pentland Club, a London-based Athletic Bilbao supporters' group.

"Mr Pentland changed that to having more people in midfield and he would value possession more than the rivals, playing a short game - I don't know if you could call it similar to what Barca implemented 10-20 years ago with tiki-taka.

"He definitely helped us believe in what we were doing as a club and it cemented success and that winning mentality. That is the most important thing he cultivated."

He also played a vital role in introducing a more professional approach at a time when most clubs in the country were amateur, telling board members to strive to pay players if they really wanted to compete.

Pentland left the club in 1925 and twice coached Atletico Madrid, either side of a spell at Oviedo, and was also part of Spain's management team when they became the first country outside the British Isles to beat England, winning 4-3 in 1929.

Later that year, he returned to Bilbao to herald the most fruitful spell in Athletic's history, and one that cost him a lot of bowler hats - with legend saying the eccentric coach's players would jump up and down on it after each victory.

"People here understand Athletic became a great team since its inception because of the British influence," says Atxa. "There are very strong links and economic ties, the industrial revolution, mining, ship building. It is a port city.

"Mr Pentland was the stereotypical English gentleman with the bowler hat and the umbrella and the cigar. Everybody tells you he was a very warm character, very sociable. You would see him in the street and he would say hello to fans - he was very approachable.

"He clicked with the people here because we like to have a good time. We like to eat, we like to drink, and I think he found his Zen."

Pentland left after the the fourth successive Copa del Rey win in 1933 and the side he built went on to win the Spanish title in 1934 and 1936, the same year he returned to England and civil war broke out in Spain.

"You hear his name on the street and everybody knows it is a man with a bowler hat and a cigar," says Atxa, who counts members of Pentland's family among his supporters' group.

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