阿爾卑斯計劃旨在八年內發現有競爭力的F1女車手

2個月前
阿爾卑斯計劃旨在八年內發現有競爭力的F1女車手

阿爾卑斯山車隊啟動了一項計劃,旨在8年內發現一名有競爭力的一級方程式女車手。

阿爾派公司首席執行官洛朗-羅西說,F1是 "嚴格的",需要 "特殊的能力和實力"。

他補充說:"女性不可能實現這一目標,"。

阿爾卑斯的倡議將為年僅10歲的女孩和男孩提供同樣的機會,在賽車運動中不斷進步,一直到F1。

羅西說:"這是一條漫長的道路--八年的計劃--從現在開始,"他補充說,首批確定的四或五個女孩將 "在未來幾周內 "開始參加卡丁車比賽。

該公司正在啟動研究計劃,旨在充分了解F1車手的身體、認知和情感要求,與包括巴黎大腦研究所在內的學術機構合作。

現任阿爾卑斯山F1車手費爾南多-阿隆索和埃斯特班-奧康將接受生理和心理評估,以舉例說明所需的特徵。

這些研究的結果將被納入該計劃,以完善有抱負的車手的培訓和發展需求。

羅西說。"我們甚至認為我們可以對建立神話的方式產生影響,我們想揭穿這些神話。'女性在身體上沒有能力'......'女性在生理上、心理上沒有能力'......'女性不應該這樣做'......'沒有榜樣。

"這個想法是。'讓我們從頭開始,確保我們建立的道路,與我們為男人建立的道路一樣。我相信,這樣做,我們將使婦女取得成就的概率成倍增加。"

為什么女性沒有進入F1?

羅西說,該計劃將提供必要的支持,這在過去對女性車手來說是缺乏的。

"他說:"她們從未得到適當的培訓、環境和管理機構--可能是利益相關者--的支持,這就是為什麼它從未發生。

"你有女性駕駛噴氣式作戰飛機,女性乘坐火箭起飛,成為宇航員。她們在身體和智力上承受着難以置信的束縛;她們有超強的能力。然後她們可以駕駛一級方程式賽車,我對此很肯定。

"這只是一個提供正確環境的問題。這就像也改變了視角和偏見,基本上摧毀了這些偏見,使其更容易被接受。

"目前,我推測99%的女性不認為她們到那裡是可行的。

"我們只針對超小部分的婦女,而如果你突然打開大門,誰知道呢?從統計學上講,你會有更多的婦女想要做這件事,然後我們會訓練她們,希望會有更多的婦女能夠達到這個目標。"

障礙是社會的還是身體的?

只有兩位女性--都是意大利人--參加過F1世界錦標賽的大獎賽。

瑪麗亞-特雷莎-德-菲利皮斯在20世紀50年代參加了五次比賽,而萊拉-隆巴迪在20世紀70年代中期參加了12場比賽。

隆巴爾迪是唯一一位獲得積分的女性--她在被截斷的1975年西班牙大獎賽中獲得第六名,獲得了半分。

此後,還有三人參加了大獎賽--英國人迪維娜-加利卡和南非人德西爾-威爾遜在20世紀70年代,意大利人喬凡娜-阿馬蒂在1992年--但未能獲得資格。

而在過去的30年裡,只有一位女性參加了周末大獎賽--蘇格蘭人蘇西-沃爾夫在2014和2015賽季作為威廉姆斯車隊的測試車手參加了三次自由練習賽。

關於女性尚未在F1獲得成功的一個關鍵問題是,這是否是因為社會問題--例如偏見、缺乏機會和榜樣--或者它是否會變成一項運動,像其他許多運動一樣,女性由於特定的身體原因無法與男性平等競爭。

羅西說。"我們還不知道。我有我自己的個人觀點。我很高興被證明是錯誤的。我認為這並不重要。

"看看所有的車手,他們的身材都不一樣。他們不做同樣的訓練。他們是非常不同的。我不認為在F1中採用的是粗暴的身體力量,這就是為什麼你會隔離一些學科。

"這有點勉強,但你看看費爾南多-阿隆索,每個人都在想為什麼他在40多歲時還在駕駛F1賽車。我認為這是因為超級運動能力並不那麼重要。因為他不是這樣。他是非常健康的,但他不像一個奧林匹克運動員,如果他能在40歲時駕駛F1賽車,我不明白為什麼一個超級健康的30歲女人不能。

"我非常確定一個30歲的超級健壯的女人會在大多數體力活動中擊敗費爾南多,因為我自己也是40歲,我知道它對你的影響。因此,如果他現在能夠很好地駕駛F1賽車,這就是一個很好的例子,我不認為體力是關鍵。"

近年來,只有女性參加的W系列賽已經成為女性嘗試在賽車運動中成名的途徑。

但是,儘管英國人傑米-查德威克贏得了它的兩個冠軍,並追隨沃爾夫的腳步成為威廉姆斯車隊的測試車手,但她還沒有接近突破性地進入F1比賽席位。

羅西說,他認為在賽車場上將男女分開是錯誤的做法。

"W系列是一種隔離的形式,"他說。"[促進整個賽車運動的包容性]的一件事是認識到不一定需要有平行的系列賽來展示女性的才能,而只是對其開放一些。

"我們需要的是像我們這樣的人--我知道其他車隊也是這樣做的--接受這一事業,擁抱它,並決定他們要取得進展。

"利益相關者塑造了這項運動和行業的未來。我們是一個利益相關者;我們相信它。因此,我們的角色是塑造它,與其他人一起,我們將塑造它。

"我認為隔離或不隔離應該是第一步。然後我們可以建立一步一步的進展來達到目的。"

尋找F1女車手的工作構成了阿爾派恩旨在提高整個公司多樣性的更廣泛計劃的一個方面。

"羅西說:"F1是新興的部分,是可見的冰山一角。"對我來說,作為一名首席執行官,冷嘲熱諷地講,這是為了增加我所挖掘的人才庫。

"目前,就像我正在解決50%的人才庫,而女性通常不認為一般的汽車行業,特別是F1是她們職業生涯的一個途徑。而這是錯誤的。這樣做,我就剝奪了自己和阿爾磐以及雷諾集團一半的人才和超過合理的成功機會。

"我們的想法是要糾正這一點"。

羅西說,該公司將很快宣布女性占其執行委員會的一半。

當被問及為什麼該計劃專注於性別而不是民族或種族多樣性時,阿爾卑斯人力資源副總裁Claire Mesnier說。"女性是賽車運動和汽車行業中最大的未開發的人才庫。

"其次,如果我們分得太細,我們就不會取得任何成就,因此在阿爾派恩,我們決定將包容計劃的重點放在婦女和社會多樣性上。

"這一切都與任人唯賢和績效有關--我們需要在他們所在的地方獲得最好的人才。"

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The Alpine team have launched a programme aimed at discovering a competitive female Formula 1 driver within eight years.

Alpine CEO Laurent Rossi said F1 was "exacting" and required "special capabilities and capabilities".

"There is no way women cannot achieve it," he added.

Alpine's initiative will give girls and boys as young as 10 the same opportunities to progress in motorsport all the way to F1.

"It's a long path - eight years' programme - starting now," said Rossi, adding the first four or five girls identified will start in go-karting "in the next few weeks".

The company is launching research programmes aimed at fully understanding the physical, cognitive and emotional requirements of an F1 driver, in partnership with academic bodies including the Paris Brain Institute.

Current Alpine F1 drivers Fernando Alonso and Esteban Ocon will be put through physiological and psychological assessments to give examples of the characteristics required.

The results of those studies will be fed into the programme to refine the training and development needs of the aspiring drivers.

Rossi said: "We go so far as to think we can have an influence on the way the myths are built, and we want to debunk them: 'Women are not capable physically' ... 'Women are not capable physiologically, mentally' ... 'Women shouldn't do that' ... 'There are no role models.'

"The idea is: 'Let's take everything from the beginning and make sure we build the path, in the same way we built the path for men.' I am convinced that in doing so we will multiply the probability of women achieving."

Why have women not made it to F1?

Rossi said the programme would provide the necessary support that had been lacking for female drivers in the past.

"They never got the proper training, the environment, the support of the governing bodies - potentially, the stakeholders - to get there and that's why it never happened," he said.

"You have women piloting jet combat aeroplanes, women taking off in rockets and becoming astronauts. They withstand an incredible amount of restraints physically and intellectually; they are extra-capable. They could then drive a Formula 1 car, I'm certain of that.

"It is just a matter of providing the right environment. It is like also changing the perspective and prejudice, basically destroying those prejudices to make it more accessible.

"At the moment, I would surmise 99% of women don't think it's feasible for them to get there.

"We address only a super-small portion of the women, whereas if you suddenly open the gates, who knows? You're going to have statistically way more women wanting to do it and then we'll train them and hopefully there will be more women capable of getting there."

Is the barrier societal or physical?

Only two women - both Italian - have started an F1 World Championship grand prix.

Maria Teresa de Filippis competed five times in the 1950s, and Lella Lombardi took part in 12 races in the mid-1970s.

Lombardi is the only woman to score points - she won half a point for finishing sixth in the truncated 1975 Spanish Grand Prix.

Three others have since entered grands prix - Briton Divina Galica and South African Desire Wilson in the 1970s, and Italian Giovanna Amati in 1992 - but failed to qualify.

And in the past 30 years only one woman has taken part in a grand prix weekend - Scot Susie Wolff drove in three free practice sessions in her role as Williams test driver over the 2014 and 2015 seasons.

One key unanswered question as to why a woman has not yet succeeded in F1 is whether it is because of societal issues - prejudice, lack of opportunity and role models, for example - or whether it will turn out to be a sport in which, like many others, women cannot compete equally with men for specific physical reasons.

Rossi said: "We don't know yet. I have my own personal view. I am happy to be proved wrong. I don't think it matters.

"Looking at all the drivers, they are not built the same way. They don't do the same training. They are very different. I don't think it is brute physical force that is being employed in F1 and that's why you would segregate some disciplines.

"It is a little bit pushing it, but you look at Fernando Alonso and everyone is wondering why is he driving a Formula 1 car at 40-plus. I think it is because it is not as important to be super-athletic. Because he's not. He is incredibly fit but he's not like an Olympian, and if he can drive an F1 car at age 40, I don't see why a super-fit age 30 woman wouldn't.

"I am pretty sure a super-fit age 30 woman would beat Fernando in most physical activities, because I am 40 myself and I know what it does to you. So if he can drive an F1 car pretty well now, it is a good example that I don't think that physical strength is the key."

In recent years, the female-only W Series has emerged as a pathway for women to try to make their names in motorsport.

But although Briton Jamie Chadwick has won both of its championships and has followed in Wolff's footsteps to become Williams test driver, she is not close to a breakthrough into an F1 race seat.

Rossi said he believed separating men and women on the race track was the wrong approach.

"W Series is a form of segregation," he said. "One thing [to promote inclusion across motorsport] would be to recognise that there is not necessarily a need to have parallel series to showcase women's talent, and simply open up a bit more to that.

"What we need is people like us - and I know other teams do it as well - taking the cause, embracing it and deciding they want to make inroads.

"The stakeholders shape the future of the sport and industry. We are a stakeholder; we believe in it. So our role is to shape it, and together with others we will shape it.

"I think segregation or lack thereof should be the first step. And then we can establish step by step progression to get there."

The search for a female F1 driver makes up one aspect of a wider programme at Alpine aimed at increasing diversity across the company.

"F1 is the emerging part, the visible tip of the iceberg," Rossi said. "For me, as a CEO, cynically speaking, it is about increasing the talent pool I am tapping into.

"At the moment, it is just like I am addressing 50% of the talent pool and women usually don't think of the automotive industry in general or F1 in particular as an avenue for their career. And that's wrong. In doing so, I deprive myself and Alpine and the Renault Group of half the talent and more than reasonable chances to success.

"The idea is to correct that."

Rossi said the company would soon announce women make up half of its executive committee.

Asked why the programme was focused on gender rather than ethnic or racial diversity, Alpine vice-president of human resources Claire Mesnier said: "Women are the biggest unexplored talent pool in the motorsport and automotive industry.

"Secondly, if we spread too thin, we won't achieve anything, so at Alpine we decided to focus the inclusion programme on women and social diversity.

"It is all about meritocracy and performance - we need to get the best talent where they are." • None Find out what inspired the man who wrote Line of Duty • None But how do they fry with air? Greg Foot investigates whether air fryers live up to the hype or overpromise

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